Tag Archives: Former British Naval Base

Discovering the Marsiling Tunnels

In the northern part of Singapore, near to the Causeway that leads across to Malaysia, there lies beautiful, tranquil and quiet lush greenery and a waterfront park that plays a significant part of Singapore’s history. The Woodlands Waterfront Park was part of the British Naval Base and a few of us explored the history and landmarks behind it, check out Jerome’s post when we went exploring together. Behind the waterfront where the British Naval Base once stood, there is a hill behind it where they also plays a significant part of Singapore’s history that would be shared here today – Marsiling Tunnels. The Marsiling Tunnels had been a destination on my places to visit and explore in Singapore.


The National Heritage Board is organizing events and heritage walks in the month of February 2014 to commemorate the Battle for Singapore, to raise public awareness about the significant part of Singapore’s history. I was very honoured to be invited along to the media preview of the Marsiling Tunnels guided tour (that I took time off from work in the morning to attend). There will be guided tours of the Marsiling Tunnels that will be happening on 8th and 15th February 2014 and you can check out the link here for more details on timings and registration!


During the walk and exploration of the Marsiling Tunnels, I learned a lot more about the history and significance behind the Marsiling Tunnels during the guided tour from the volunteer guides with their vast research and experiences. There had been a few posts on the Marsiling Tunnels by groups such as Asia Paranormal Investigators, Urban Explorers of Singapore and One North Explorers some years ago and I include their links below for your interest and reading reference.

–       Asia Paranormal Investigators

–       Urban Explorers of Singapore

–       One North Explorers

–       Explore by Joy Loh

The findings and discoveries by the different groups have shared their views on the history and significance of the purpose and builder of the structure. They cite an old map that marked the land as the Asiatic Petroleum Company’s (APC) Woodlands Depot, and drew the conclusion that the structure belonged to the company and the structure had something to do with fuel storage. The structure’s proximity to the British naval base led them to believe that the fuel stored was meant for the British navy. (Source: National Heritage Board)

National Heritage Board has conducted extensive research into the history, significance and usage of the Marsiling Tunnels that shared new light and perspectives on the Marsiling Tunnels. National Heritage Board obtained highly reliable sources such as the British Wartime Intelligence Reports, specifically declassified documents from UK’s War Office that were obtained from UK’s National Archives through the National Archives of Singapore. (Source: National Heritage Board)


One of the findings and discoveries that I learned during this guided tour was that the Marsiling Tunnels were originally a Royal Air Force fuel reserve depot built in 1942 and not as a fuel storage facility for the British Royal Navy (Source: National Heritage Board).

Since the former British Naval Base was right in front of the hill where the Marsiling Tunnels stood (that stretched from Woodlands to Sembawang Park). I was wondering and thinking ahead, the British Air Force was using Seletar Air Base (now Seletar Airport) during the World War II, did they have pipelines from Marsiling Tunnels to Seletar Air Base or were they using trucks to transport the fuel for the airplanes? This question that came into my mind during the guided tour, it might be something for me to learn more about this interesting finding!


Another interesting finding and discovery about the Marsiling Tunnels was that the Japanese used it too when they conquered and occupied Singapore! In November 1944, British intelligence reports on Japanese defences on Singapore reported that the Japanese was modifying the facility. In fact, according to these reports, the site now had “5 tanks, semi-sunk and earth covered, with storage capacity of some 5250 water tons.”[1]. The Japanese invasion forces therefore used the facility as an oil storage facility. A 1944 air surveillance photo exists showing the layout of the structure and it is unchanged till today.[2] (Source: National Heritage Board)


The Marsiling Tunnels guided tour had some challenging and hilly terrain to trek before you can discover them. Do wear sturdy shoes and bring water along! The tunnel entrances are now sealed and no longer accessible, nevertheless, you will be able to discover where the Marsiling Tunnels stood and how big the whole facility is! The whole structure is still pretty much intact and well preserved in the post World War II period.


At the end of the guided tour, I learned a lot more about the Marsiling Tunnels, their whereabouts, historical significance and I am able to tick “Marsiling Tunnels” as one of my successful Old Places exploration! This is not just as explorer outing, it’s also a time to learn more in-depth about the history of Singapore, let us not forget about our past, our history, the journey Singapore took to reach her achievements today after the Second World War. We must all learn to appreciate and be thankful for what we have today; then we can all grow together for the future to newer heights! There are 23 guided heritage walks with an additional 2 Mandarin tours organised by National Heritage Board on 8th and 15th February 2014, do check out the link here for more information!

I would like to say a Big Thank You to National Heritage Board for inviting me along to the media preview of the Marsiling Tunnels guided tours in commemoration of the Battle for Singapore.

[1] WO 203/7: Operation ‘Zipper’, Intelligence Dossier, Top Secret, National Archives of Singapore

[2] WO 208/1554: War Office: Directorate of Military Operations and Intelligence, National Archives of Singapore

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Nostalgic Photography Walk @ Sembawang Park

A beautiful park and beach tucked away in the northern part of Singapore; brought back many memories for me when I joined fellow photography and heritage friends Jerome, Juria, Kamal and Francis for a photography walkabout at the Sembawang Park and Sembawang Beach area. Jerome had organized a few different photography walkabouts of different heritage interests. I was happy to join him for a few walks to explore more of Singapore’s heritage, history and culture together with like-minded people.


Walking at Sembawang Park, down the beach and walking along it. Enjoying the sea breeze while it was low tide, the call of the wildlife nearby the green lush forest. Listening to the waves coming in towards the shore, the peace and tranquility that make the Sembawang Beach something special. Sembawang Park and its beach is a popular spot for families to go fishing and catching crabs. Besides, it’s also a fun place for family outings and picnics too. This location was very nostalgic for me too, when I was a Boy Scout 20+ years ago, this was where we stopped for a exploration/hike test. I remembered that time there were three of us and I was there to be a companion to my friend who was taking his Advanced Scout Standard exploration test that lasted 2D1N.  The memories were priceless and I missed those days!


Jerome and Kamal had many experiences and stories about the Sembawang Park/Beach and Kampung Wak Hassan beach area since they grew up in the neighbourhood. Listening to their stories was really amazing and intriguing. They have so much to share their stories with the future generations about the lifestyle and culture in the early days of Singapore’s independence. With modernization taking place around Sembawang Park/Beach and Kampung Wak Hassan area, more private housing units coming up, things would never be the same again.


Walking up towards the green lush forest in the Kampung Wak Hassan area, Kamal showed us an old gateway and told us about passing by this gateway when he was in Primary School. We saw the old gateway and were amazed, it was still standing there, yet there were no signs or indications that would help us find who was the owner that stayed there. After taking photos, we walked towards the mosque Masjid Petempatan Melayu Sembawang, a historical landmark dating back to the 1960s, it’s probably “the last kampong mosque in Singapore” and let’s keep it this way, preserve the greenery and surroundings. There were two swings tied to the tall trees nearby the mosque and we were like a bunch of kids again, playing on the swing. Jerome, Kamal, Juria and myself couldn’t resist not playing on the swing. It was so fun, my childhood memories flooding back to me, I missed my old childhood playgrounds a lot, that’s why one of my personal projects was discovering and photographing old playgrounds in Singapore.


Hiking along the road towards Sungei Simpang, the river/canal, there is a park connector nicely built there. Watching the people at the river/canal bed during low tide and digging clams/mussels (I used to do it with my fellow Venture Scouts!), there are still people enjoying the activities that I seen less nowadays. I still remember camping with my fellow Venture Scouts at the mangrove swamp near Jalan Mempurong, where the current Simpang Kiri Park Connector lies.  We used to play at the canal during low tide and it was great fun, carefree and without the stress and pressure of today’s society.


As we walked back along the road towards the main road and Sembawang Park, we passed by one of the few remaining street name signboards with 4-digit postal code in Singapore. That’s priceless, considering the modern street name signboards don’t have the postal code on it anymore. Reaching Sembawang Park, Jerome and Kamal led us to discovering the roots of Sembawang Park being part of the British Naval Base during her early days.

Do check out Jerome’s posts on Sembawang Park and Kampung Wak Hassan, he has great knowledge and stories about these areas –

Moonscapes – Kampung Wak Hassan Beach

A Final Frontier

Sembawang beyond the slumber 

While we can see some changes happening to Sembawang Park, let’s hope they still can keep most of its original aura and uniqueness, along with her lush greenery and kampong feel. Let’s keep it this way, status quo and preserve something uniquely Singaporean, culturally and historically. We will have our own unique strong heritage and stories to pass on to out future generations of Singaporeans.

Created with Admarket’s flickrSLiDR.